Diagnosis

If your doctor feels anything abnormal during a digital rectal exam (DRE) or your prostate-specific antigen (PSA) level is elevated, your doctor may recommend a prostate biopsy. During this test, several small bits of tissue are removed from your prostate. A pathologist then studies the tissue under a microscope to see if cancer is present; a pathology report conveys the biopsy findings. Pathology reports should contain lots of details, especially if cancer is diagnosed, and it is important that you understand your report. In some cases, imaging tests may be helpful in diagnosing prostate cancer, pinpointing its location, or determining its stage (how advanced it is).

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